Senior Syrian Officials, a Russian Bank, its Chairman, and Oil Refineries Owned
by the Government of Syria
WASHINGTON – The U.S. Department of the Treasury
today took a number of actions to increase pressure on the Syrian regime and
its supporters. The Treasury Department designated Moscow-based Tempbank
and Mikhail Gagloev, a senior executive of the bank, pursuant to Executive
Order (E.O.) 13582 for providing material support and services to the
Government of Syria, including the Central Bank of Syria and SYTROL, Syria’s
state oil marketing firm.
In addition, the Treasury Department designated six senior
officials of the Syrian Government pursuant to E.O. 13573, including Brigadier
General Bassam Al-Hassan, an advisor to President Bashar Al-Assad.
Al-Hassan has a number of duties within the Syrian Government, including acting
as the Syrian Presidential Representative to Syria’s Scientific Studies and
Research Center (SSRC), which is the government agency responsible for
developing and producing non-conventional weapons and missiles.
Finally, the Treasury Department has identified the Banias
Refinery Company and the Homs Refinery Company as part of the Government of
Syria pursuant to E.O. 13582.
“Today’s designation builds on Treasury’s ongoing efforts to
apply economic pressure on the Syrian Government by choking off access to the
international financial system,” said Under Secretary for Terrorism and
Financial Intelligence David S. Cohen. “We are committed to
deterring those who contribute to violence and instability in Syria, and will
continue to aggressively target individuals and entities supporting the Assad regime.”
bank has provided millions of dollars in cash and
facilitated financial services to the Syrian regime. In one instance,
Tempbank arranged to deliver millions of dollars in cash to Vnukovo Airport in
Moscow for pick-up by cash couriers working for the Central Bank of
Syria. In addition to its close cooperation with the Central Bank of
Syria, Tempbank has facilitated deals and provided financial services to
SYTROL, a Syrian state oil company sanctioned by the United States and the
European Union. Mikhail Gagloev, Chairman of Tempbank’s Management
Committee, was also designated today for acting for or on behalf of
Tempbank. Gagloev has personally travelled to Damascus to make deals with
the Syrian regime on behalf of Tempbank.
U.S. persons are generally prohibited from engaging in any
transactions with the individuals and entities identified today, and any assets
of those persons subject to U.S. jurisdiction are frozen. To date, the
United States has imposed sanctions on nearly 200 individuals and entities
since the onset of unrest in Syria, including the Government of Syria, its
Central Bank, and affiliated oil companies.
Background on Designated Individuals Pursuant to E.O.
Brigadier General Bassam Al-Hassan is a commander of the
Syrian Republican Guard and is also President Assad’s Advisor for Strategic
Affairs. As an advisor to Assad, Al-Hassan is involved in weapons
procurement for the Syrian military and meets with foreign government
representatives. Additionally, Al-Hassan is the Syrian Presidential
Representative to the SSRC.
Established in 1971, SSRC operates Syria’s main sites for
the production and storage of chemical weapons as well as surface-to-surface
missiles. The SSRC was listed in the Annex to E.O. 13382 of June 28, 2005
for its ties to Syria’s weapons of mass destruction proliferation activities
and also sanctioned by the U.S. Department of State in May 2011, pursuant to
the Iran, North Korea, and Syria Nonproliferation Act.
Arnous is currently the Syrian Minister of Public Works and
formerly served as governor of two Syrian provinces.
Al-Qadri is currently the Syrian Minister of Agriculture and
Agrarian Reform and previously served as the Deputy Minister of Agriculture.
Ismael is the Syrian Minister of Finance and previously
served as Head of the Syrian General Establishment for Cereal Processing and
Al-Shammat is the Minister of Social Affairs and previously
served as Syrian Representative to the United Nations Development Fund.
Hijazi is the Minister of Labor and previously served as the
Assistant Minister of Social Affairs and Labor.
MAB TEMPBANK OAO
OTKRYTOE AKTSIONERNOE OBSHCHESTVO MOSKOVSKI AKTSIONERNY BANK TEMPBANK
MOSCOW JOINT-STOK BANK TEMPBANK OPEN JOINT-STOCK COMPANY
36/50 Lyusinovskaya ul., Moscow, Russia, 115093
GAGLOEV, MIKHAIL GEORGIEVICH
GAGLOYEV, MIKHAIL GEORGIYEVICH
February 17, 1966
Chairman of Management Committee of Tempbank
Brigadier General and Syrian Presidential Advisor
Minister of Agriculture and Agrarian Reform
Minister of Social Affairs
Minister of Public Works
Minister of Labor
Minister of Finance
BANIAS REFINERY COMPANY
Banias Refinery Building, 26 Latkia Main Road, Baniyas, Tartous Syria
Banias Refinery Building, Latkia Main Road, Banias Industrial Area, Banias,
Postal Box 26, Tartous Syria
P.O. Box 26, Banias, Syria
HOMS REFINERY COMPANY
GENERAL COMPANY FOR HOMS REFINERY
General Company for Homs Refinery Building, 352 Tripoli Street, Homs, Syria
P.O. Box 352, Trablus (Tripoli) Street, Homs, Syria
Postal Box 352, Homs, Syria