Action Targets Violent Groups Operating Under the Control of the Syrian
Government and Al-Qa’ida’s Attempts to Subvert the Syrian Opposition
WASHINGTON – The
U.S. Department of the Treasury today designated two senior leaders of the
Syrian-based al-Nusrah front, Maysar Ali Musa Abdallah al-Juburi and Anas Hasan
Khattab, pursuant to Executive Order 13224 (E.O. 13224) for acting on behalf of
al-Qa'ida in Iraq (AQI). This
designation was taken in coordination with the U.S. Department of State action
to list the al-Nusrah Front as an alias of AQI.
Also today, the Treasury Department sanctioned two armed militia groups
that operate under the control of the Syrian government, Jaysh al-Sha'bi and
Shabiha, as well as two Shabiha commanders, pursuant to E.O. 13582, which blocks
the property of the Syrian government. These
actions represent continued U.S. government efforts to support the legitimate aspirations
of the Syrian people as they seek to free themselves from the oppression of the
Asad regime and to deny al-Qa’ida’s attempts to subvert the Syrian opposition.
“The United States will continue to aggressively pursue
those who undermine the desires of the Syrian people to realize a
representative government that does not employ violence against its own
people. We will target the pro-Asad
militias just as we will the terrorists who falsely cloak themselves in the
flag of the legitimate opposition,” said Under Secretary for Terrorism and
Financial Intelligence David S. Cohen.
As the Syrian people continue their struggle against the
repressive Asad regime, al-Nusrah Front has sought to exploit the instability
inside Syria for its own purposes, using tactics and espousing an ideology drawn
from AQI that the Syrian people broadly reject.
Since November 2011, al-Nusrah Front has claimed responsibility for
nearly 600 terrorist attacks, killing and wounding hundreds of Syrians. These activities are attempts by AQI to hijack
the struggles of the legitimate Syrian opposition to further its own extremist
Today, the Treasury Department also took action against
Jaysh al-Sha'bi and the Shabiha. These
militias have been instrumental in the Asad regime’s campaign of terror and
violence against the citizens of Syria.
Jaysh al-Sha’bi was created, and continues to be maintained, with
support from Iran and Hizballah and is modeled after the Iranian Basij militia,
which has proven itself effective at using violence and intimidation to
suppress political dissent within Iran.
Any property or interests in property in the United States
or in the possession or control of U.S. persons in which these entities or
individuals have an interest are blocked, and U.S. persons are generally
prohibited from engaging in transactions with them.
Maysar Ali Musa Abdallah al-Juburi
Maysar Ali Musa Abdallah al-Juburi
(al-Juburi) moved from Mosul, Iraq to Syria in late 2011 to exploit Syria's
more permissive security environment with the objectives of transferring
al-Qa’ida’s ideology to Syria and forming likeminded terrorist groups. As of
mid 2012, al-Juburi became the religious and military commander for al-Nusrah Front
in eastern Syria and also operated a training camp for the network. Al-Juburi is suspected of participating in a
2004 attack against a Coalition Forces checkpoint in Ninawa Province, Iraq.
Anas Hasan Khattab
As of mid 2012, Anas Hasan Khattab
(Khattab) was involved with the formation of al-Nusrah Front for AQI. He communicated periodically with AQI
leadership to receive financial and material assistance and helped facilitate
funding and weapons for al-Nusrah Front.
Khattab works closely with al-Qa'ida-linked facilitators to provide
logistical support to al-Nusrah Front.
Jaysh al-Sha'bi is a militia controlled by the Syrian
government and has conducted unilateral and joint operations with Syrian
military and security elements against the Syrian opposition that have resulted
in the deaths and injuries of Syrian opposition members.
Jaysh al-Sha'bi operates throughout Syria and has been
particularly active in Damascus and Aleppo, where the militia has supplemented
Syrian government forces' operations against the opposition.
Iran has helped establish and train the Jaysh al-Sha'bi
militia in Syria to support the Asad regime and relieve pressure on Syrian
government forces. Since mid-2012, Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard
Corps-Qods Force (IRGC-QF) and Hizballah have provided training, advice, and
weapons and equipment for Jaysh al-Sha'bi. Iran has also provided routine
funding worth millions of dollars to the militia.
Iran's IRGC Commander Mohamad Ali Jafari also claimed that
the militia, which he claimed has 50,000 members, was modeled after Iran's own
Basij, a paramilitary force subordinate to the IRGC that has been heavily
involved in the violent crackdowns and serious human rights abuses occurring in
Iran since the June 2009 contested presidential election.
Since the beginning of the unrest in Syria, the Shabiha have
operated as a direct action arm of the Government of Syria and its security
services and Shabiha units have provided support to units from designated
security services such as the Syrian Air Force Intelligence and Syrian Military
Shabiha units have worked with Syrian Military Intelligence
to provide security at Syrian regime facilities and to man security checkpoints
in Syrian cities and the Shabiha have been used by the Syrian military during
operations in and around Damascus to interrogate and kill potential supporters
of the Syrian opposition.
In addition to the Shabiha being identified as part of the
Government of Syria pursuant to E.O. 13582, today the Treasury Department also
designated the group pursuant to E.O. 13572 for being responsible for or
complicit in the commission of human rights abuses in Syria, including those
related to repression.
Since the beginning of the unrest, the Shabiha have fired
into crowds of peaceful Syrian demonstrators, shot and killed Syrian
demonstrators, arbitrarily detained Syrian civilians, and shot Syrian soldiers
who refused to fire on peaceful demonstrators.
In May 2011, the Shabiha were firing on Syrian civilians trying to cross
into Lebanon near the town of al-Bire, Lebanon.
Ayman Jaber was designated today pursuant to E.O. 13582 and
E.O. 13572 for materially assisting, sponsoring, or providing financial, material,
or technological support for, or goods or services in support of, the Shabiha
and Mahir al-Asad. Mahir al-Asad, the
brother of Bashar al-Asad was listed in the Annex to E.O. 13572 and played a leading
role in the Syrian regime’s actions in Dar’a where protesters were killed by
Syrian security forces.
Ayman Jaber is currently a Shabiha leader responsible for
directing Shabiha operations in Latakia, Syria, on behalf of the Syrian regime
and is working with the Syrian Ministry of Defense and senior regime officials,
including Mahir al-Asad, to procure weapons for the Shabiha units under his
Mahir al-Asad used Jaber to provide financial compensation
to the Syrian protesters who demonstrated outside the U.S. Embassy in Damascus
on July 11, 2011, and Jaber was involved with al-Asad in planning the attack on
the U.S. Embassy that occurred the same day.
Mohammad Jaber was designated today pursuant to E.O. 13582
for providing material support to the Government of Syria.
Mohammad Jaber arranged for the transportation of pro-Syrian
regime Shabiha thugs to Turkey in order to attack anti-Syrian regime personnel
Name: Maysar Ali Musa Abdallah al-Juburi
AKA: Muyassir Harara
AKA: Muhammad Khalid
DOB: 01 June 1976
POB: Al-Shura, Mosul,
Harara, Ninawa Province, Iraq
Name: Anas Hasan Khattab
AKA: Samir Ahmed
AKA: Abu Hamzah
Alternate DOB: 07
POB: Damascus, Syria
Name: Jaysh al-Sha'bi
AKA: Jaysh al-Shaab
AKA: Jish Shaabi
AKA: Sha'bi Force
AKA: The Popular Army
AKA: Popular Forces
AKA: People's Army
AKA: Army of the
Name: Ayman Jaber
AKA: Ayman Jabir
AKA: Aiman Jaber
AKA: Ayman Mehriz
AKA: Ayman Mohriz
AKA: Ayman Muhriz
DOB: January 17, 1967
Name: Mohammad Jaber
AKA: Muhammad Jabir
AKA: Mohammad Jabir
AKA: Abu Ja’far
AKA: Muhammad Mahruz
AKA: Muhammad Muhraz
AKA: Abu Ja Far
AKA: Muhammad Muhriz
DOB: January 23, 1957
POB: Latakia, Syria
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