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 Securities (B): Portfolio Holdings of U.S. and Foreign Securities

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  1. (Revised country list, 5-16-2016) Major Foreign Holders of U.S. Treasury Securities (MFH table) (monthly). (See fn#1 below.)
    1. Recent data for many holders of Treasury securities (fn#2). Also in "CSV" format.
    2. Historical data:
      1. MFH tables, back to March 2000. Also in "CSV" format.
      2. More holders of Treasury long-term and short-term securities since September 2011 (fn#2). Also in "CSV" and "txt (tab-delimited)"formats.
      3. (5-16-2016) Treasury holdings for twelve oil exporting countries, December 1974 to March 2016 (fn#1). Also in "CSV" format.
      4. (5-16-2016) Total foreign holdings of Treasury securities, 1939-1999 (CSV) (fn#1).
      5. Short-term Treasuries (bills and certificates) held by foreigners are in the banking liabilities data (column 9 in files in section B); e.g. see line B.3.
      6. Holdings of nonmarketable Treasury bonds and notes issued to official institutions and other residents of foreign countries. Also in "CSV" format.
    3. Description of methodology.
    4. Comparison with Federal Reserve data on official holdings (FAQ #10.a).

  2. Monthly Holdings of U.S. Long-term Securities at Current Market Value by Foreign Residents (from SLT reports)
    1. Total holdings by all foreign countries; by type, holder and issuer.
    2. Holdings by country (files include both recent and historical data):

  3. Monthly Holdings of Foreign Long-term Securities at Current Market Value by U.S. Residents (from SLT reports)
    1. Total holdings by all U.S. residents; by type, holder and issuer.
    2. U.S. holdings by country of issuer (files include both recent and historical data):

  4. Monthly Holdings of Short-term Debt (from banking liabilities reports)
    1. holdings of short-term U.S. securities by foreign residents
    2. holdings of short-term foreign securities by U.S. residents.

  5. Types of foreign portfolio investment in the United States (quarterly). Total U.S. banking & securities liabilities to foreign residents.
    1. Recent data (first released 1-16-2014). Also in ”CSV” format.
    2. Historical data to 2012 (first released 1-16-2014). Also in ”CSV” format.


Footnotes and Notices

  1. (5-16-2016) Several aggregates that were shown in previous Major Foreign Holders of Treasury Securities (MFH) tables are discontinued, and the covered countries are now included separately in the country data. The four aggregates were: Asian Oil Exporters (also called Middle East Oil Exporters; Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Oman, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates); African Oil Exporters (Algeria, Gabon, Libya, and Nigeria); Caribbean Banking Centers (Bahamas, Bermuda, Bonaire/Sint Eustatius/Saba, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Curaçao, Panama, and Sint Maarten); and the United Kingdom (it will no longer include Guernsey, Jersey, and the Isle of Man, which are shown separately). Note that in the Major Foreign Holders table, the line for Oil Exporters included the Asian and African oil exporters, Ecuador, Venezuela, and Indonesia. Countries that do not appear in the Major Foreign Holders table may be found in the file on U.S. Treasury Securities Held by Foreign Residents (line A.1 above). The two new tables on lines A.2.c and A.2.d are one-time tables providing historical data, and are not  updated.

  2. (5-15-2015) [This updates the 4-15-2015 announcement.] Starting with the April 15, 2015 release of monthly TIC data, a new data series on foreign holders of U.S. Treasury securities is available (lines A.1 and A.2.b above). The series begin with data for September 2011, the first month of SLT data. These series are not new information; they were created for the convenience of users and combines the SLT data on holdings of long term Treasuries with the banking data on short-term Treasuries. These series cover more countries than are available in the historical series for the "Major Foreign Holders of Treasury Securities" (line A.2.a above.).

  3. (8-15-2013) Starting with the 8-15-2013 release, the "Major Foreign Holders of Treasury Securities" (MFH) table includes data on holdings of Treasury bonds and notes as reported on TIC Form SLT, "Aggregate Holdings of Long-Term Securities by U.S. and Foreign Residents," for all months, including preliminary SLT data for the most recent month. Previous MFH tables used transactions data from the TIC S Form added to the prior month’s SLT data to estimate holdings for the most recent month. This release completes the transition, which began with the release of February 29, 2012, to using monthly SLT data for Treasury bonds and notes instead of using estimates based on the annual surveys of "Foreign Portfolio Holdings of U.S. Securities" plus monthly transactions data.

  4. Additional information on the data in B and C above is included in the May 15, 2012 TIC press release.

References - recommended

(May 2012, regarding data in B and C above) Improving the Measurement of Cross-Border Securities Holdings: The Treasury International Capital SLTPDF icon (PDF). In the wake of the financial crisis, growing interest in improving the measurement of cross-border securities positions spurred the introduction of a new Treasury International Capital (TIC) reporting form, the TIC SLT. This article reviews the existing structure of TIC cross-border position and flow data, the benefits that the new SLT can provide, and the incoming information from the first two reporting months of SLT data, September and December 2011. While some patterns and characteristics of the SLT data will become clear only after more data have accumulated, the SLT data have already begun to provide timely insights on U.S. and foreign cross-border investment flows that are different from the monthly estimates provided by existing flow data. It is from the Federal Reserve Bulletin, Volume 98, May 23, 2012, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.

For other articles on TIC data, see the Articles on TIC webpage.

    6/16/2016 9:45 AM