Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration
May 20, 2010
TIGTA - 2010-19
Contact: Karen Kraushaar
WASHINGTON - The Internal Revenue Service should do more to protect against the improper use of employment tax forms to avoid paying Social Security and Medicare taxes, according to a report publicly released today by the Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration.
If IRS management does not take steps to correct the weaknesses, TIGTA believes that $131 million in Social Security and Medicare taxes could be lost over the next five years.
"The misclassification of employees as independent contractors is a nationwide problem affecting millions of employees," said J. Russell George, the Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration. "Left unchecked, it will continue to grow and contribute to the tax gap. The IRS should do more to ensure that the burden of uncollected taxes is not shifted to compliant taxpayers."
TIGTA reviewed the effectiveness of the IRS's procedures for ensuring taxpayer compliance with worker status determinations. TIGTA's review focused on improper use of Form 8919, which taxpayers use when reporting only the worker's share of Social Security and Medicare wages. Businesses and workers can request a determination letter from the IRS regarding a worker's Federal employment tax status as an employee or independent contractor. While the IRS's rulings are binding, sometimes employers will continue to not withhold taxes even when a worker has received a determination letter from the IRS and was determined to be an employee.
TIGTA found that 74,068 taxpayers may have avoided paying $26.2 million in Social Security and Medicare taxes because they improperly used Form 8919. If not corrected, taxpayers could avoid paying about $131 million in taxes over the next five years.
TIGTA made four recommendations to the IRS, including requiring examiners to provide information to the Determination of Worker Status Program. The IRS agreed with three of TIGTA's recommendations but disagreed with the fourth recommendation due to cost concerns.
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