TIGTA Seal graphic

Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration

Press Release

February 9, 2011
TIGTA - 2011-9
Contact: Karen Kraushaar
(202) 622-6500

Earned Income Tax Credit: Reduction Targets and Strategies Have Not Been Established to Reduce the Billions of Dollars in Improper Payments Each Year, TIGTA Finds

WASHINGTON – The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) has made little improvement in reducing improper Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) payments since 2002, when it was first required to report estimates of these payments to Congress, according to a report released publicly today by the Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration (TIGTA).

The IRS estimates that 23 to 28 percent of EITC payments are issued improperly each year, which equated to $11 billion to $13 billion in EITC improper payments in Fiscal Year (FY) 2009.

Executive Order 13520 requires the IRS to intensify its efforts and set targets to reduce EITC improper payments and to report its activities to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and TIGTA. The order also requires TIGTA to assess the level of risk associated with the EITC Program, determine the extent of oversight warranted and provide the IRS with recommendations to reduce EITC improper payments.

In its June 14, 2010 report to OMB and TIGTA, the IRS did not provide any quantifiable targets to reduce EITC improper payments. IRS management noted that it did not set reduction targets because of the need to balance its enforcement efforts among different taxpayer income levels.

The IRS also noted that its new efforts to regulate tax return preparers will reduce the improper payment rate. However, it is unknown whether the regulation of tax return preparers will result in a significant reduction in improper EITC payments, and this strategy will not go into full effect until 2014.

“I am troubled by the IRS’s delay in setting reduction targets,” said J. Russell George, the Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration. “As noted in our report, the IRS has just begun implementing the tax return preparer strategy and it does not anticipate the strategy will be fully implemented until 2014. According to its own estimates, it is likely that the IRS will issue anywhere from $55 billion to $65 billion in improper payments between 2010 and 2014.”

“While the Earned Income Tax Credit helps many deserving Americans, it is well past time for the IRS to reduce the amount of improper payments in the program,” George added. “The loss of billions of dollars in improper EITC payments annually calls for aggressive and immediate action. The Improper Payment Act of 2002 and the President’s Executive Order 13520 require the IRS to intensify its efforts and set targets to reduce EITC improper payments. It is unacceptable that the IRS has not met this requirement.”

TIGTA has conducted a number of audits that have provided the IRS with specific actions that could be taken to reduce improper payments. While the IRS has implemented some of TIGTA’s recommendations, it has not taken actions to address key recommendations aimed at preventing and reducing EITC improper payments.

TIGTA recommended that the IRS establish quantifiable reduction targets and strategies to meet those targets and use a National Research Program sample to estimate underpayments, in which the IRS incorrectly pays less in the EITC than the taxpayer claims.

In their response, IRS officials agreed with TIGTA’s first recommendation and agreed in concept with its second. Specifically, the IRS says that the tax return preparer initiative will enable the IRS to have a baseline against which it can set meaningful reduction targets. The IRS says it will explore whether the recommendation on estimating underpayments is possible and practical.

To view the report, including scope, methodology, recommendations and IRS response, go to: http://www.treas.gov/tigta/auditreports/2011reports/201040023fr.pdf.


A special plugin is required to view PDF documents. To obtain the free PDF reader, please visit the Adobe web site.