Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration
September 1, 2015
TIGTA - 2015-24
Contact: David Barnes
Washington Ė The Internal Revenue Serviceís (IRSís) processing of tax returns that reported or claimed Premium Tax Credits (PTC) during the 2015 filing season was challenged by delays in receiving data from some Health Insurance Marketplaces (Exchanges), according to a new report publicly released today by the Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration (TIGTA).
The Affordable Care Act (ACA) created the refundable PTC to assist eligible taxpayers with paying their health insurance premiums. Individuals may elect to have the PTC paid directly to their health insurance provider as partial payment for their monthly premiums (referred to as the Advance Premium Tax Credit (APTC)) or receive the PTC as a lump sum credit on their annual Federal income tax return. According to the IRS, almost $11 billion in APTCs was paid to insurers in Fiscal Year 2014.
Beginning in January 2015, individuals who received an APTC are required to reconcile the amount paid on their behalf to the allowable amount of their PTC when they file their Tax Year 2014 return. The objective of TIGTAís review was to provide selected information related to the processing of PTC claims during the 2015 Filing Season.
As of March 26, the IRS had processed nearly 1.4 million tax returns that reported approximately $4.4 billion in PTCs (which were either received in advance or claimed at the time of filing). Taxpayers claimed more than $240 million in additional PTCs and reported receiving more than $572 million in excess APTC payments.
The ACA requires Exchanges to provide the IRS with information regarding individuals enrolled in an Exchange on a monthly basis (referred to as Exchange Periodic Data). Exchanges are where individuals can purchase insurance and receive assistance with paying their premiums. During the Calendar Year 2014 health insurance enrollment period, the District of Columbia and 14 States operated their own Exchanges, while the remaining 36 States partnered with the Federal Exchange.
The IRS anticipated the first Exchange Periodic Data submission would be received in June 2014. However, it did not receive all required enrollment data from the Exchanges prior to the January 20, 2015, start of the 2015 Filing Season, TIGTA found. For example, the IRS did not receive Exchange Periodic Data for approximately 1.7 million (40 percent) of the approximately 4.2 million Federal Exchange enrollment records and did not receive the Exchange Periodic Data from six of the 15 State Exchanges.
This report was prepared to provide interim information only. Therefore, no recommendations were made in the report.
Read the report.
Note: The difference between the date TIGTA issues an audit report to the Internal Revenue Service and the date TIGTA publicly releases the report is due to TIGTA's internal review process to ensure that public release is in compliance with Federal confidentiality laws.
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